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  • Writer's pictureH2O Systems Inc. Team

Your Guide to Residential Well Maintenance: Ensuring a Healthy Water Supply

Keeping a consistent supply of fresh, clean water is integral to your home and your family's health. For homeowners who rely on well water, this means regular well maintenance is not just a choice but a necessity. Maintaining your well guarantees a continuous supply of safe water, extends the lifespan of the well system, and helps in detecting minor issues before they escalate into costly repairs.

Let's dive in to discover how you can maintain your residential well effectively.

1. Regular Water Testing

To ensure the safety of your well water, it is recommended to test your water annually for bacteria, nitrates, and other potential contaminants. Certain situations may call for more frequent testing, such as:

- Noticeable changes in taste, color, or odor of the water.

- Family members or house guests experiencing recurring gastrointestinal issues.

- The well has been contaminated or flooded.

- A pregnant woman or infant is living in the house.

Engaging a professional well contractor or local health department can help conduct these tests.

2. Well System Inspections

Just like your car needs periodic check-ups, your well system benefits from regular inspections. It is recommended to have a well system inspection every one to three years by a professional well contractor.

This inspection should cover several areas:

- The wellhead should be inspected for cracks and to ensure it is at least 1 foot above the ground.

- The well pump and system should be checked for operation and efficiency.

- The water tank and water lines should be inspected for leaks or damage.

- The water test results should be reviewed to ensure that water quality is within safe levels.

3. Maintain a Safe Distance from Potential Contamination Sources

Ensure that potential contamination sources such as septic systems, livestock yards, fuel tanks, and chemical storage are kept at a safe distance from your well. This distance varies depending on local regulations, but a safe rule of thumb is a minimum of 50 feet. In addition, ensure the wellhead is elevated above ground level to prevent flooding and potential contamination.

4. Keep Accurate Records

Just like keeping track of medical records, you should keep accurate records of your well installation, repairs, water testing results, and well system maintenance. These records can provide valuable information to a contractor when diagnosing a problem or scheduling the next service.

5. Seal Unused Wells

Abandoned and old wells can be direct channels for contaminants to enter groundwater. If you have an unused well on your property, have it professionally sealed to protect your water supply.

6. Conservation Efforts

Being mindful of your water use can improve the longevity of your well and pump. Excessive water use can stress the well pump, leading to more frequent maintenance and repairs. Simple changes, like repairing leaks promptly, installing water-efficient appliances, and spacing out large water uses can make a big difference.

7. Hire Professional Help

Well maintenance can be complex and requires a good understanding of well systems, local health regulations, and geology. Therefore, hiring a licensed well contractor for regular maintenance and any necessary repairs can give you peace of mind knowing that your well is in safe hands.


Well maintenance is an essential task for homeowners relying on well water. Regular water testing, professional system inspections, keeping potential contaminants at a safe distance, maintaining accurate records, sealing unused wells, water conservation, and seeking professional help are key components to ensuring a healthy and efficient well system. Remember, the goal is not just to have water, but to have safe, clean water for you and your family.


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