A luscious green lawn, a garden with rose bushes along the edges, and tomato vines growing on a trellis are the dream of every homeowner with an interest in gardening. They would know how much effort is needed just to achieve an even and healthy patch of grass. A large part of a successful harvest of a garden is knowing the required water input and the ins and outs of the irrigation system.
Popular Irrigation Types for Growing
The three most commonly used irrigation systems for a home garden include different types of sprinkler systems and drip irrigation systems.
Of the two, overhead sprinklers are perhaps the most recognizable and easily seen irrigation set-ups for home gardens and larger farms. The overhead range of these sprinklers is ideal for small lawns and gardens.
On the other hand, drip irrigation systems have been growing in popularity for the better water efficiency and usage they provide. It includes a low water pressure and drip emitter to deliver small amounts of water right to the base of a plant without losing any droplets in the process. The slow and precise action ensures a reduction in water use and improves nutrient and water absorption along with lower weed incidences.
How Irrigation Systems Work
An irrigation system works best when your yards and watering needs are properly evaluated and the total area is divided into several zones. If you have grass beds growing on your front lawn and bushes and flowers along the sides of the house, the two zones would have their own unique watering needs.
An irrigation systems company while installing the set-up will evaluate your home and divide the area into different zones. These zones will be set up with different sprinkler heads and watering systems. Other factors that will be considered include hills and slopes, water source, and soil type.
The specialist will check to see how each zone would receive water with a certain sprinkler head and the specific crop requirements. Then the water pressure per gallon and the heads will be checked to see if no area is being left unirrigated.
While each irrigation or sprinkler system may be different from the other, they share some common aspects. For starters, every system would need a water source. Water could be pumped from a nearby pond or lake or some other natural resource or wells. However, connecting irrigation systems to municipal water systems is the most efficient option in the urban scenario. A system hooked up to a municipal or residence water system would require a back-flow preventer to keep the contaminants from the system from getting into the potable water.
Generally, a mainline delivers the water from the water source and zone lines provide water to the plot or sprinkler systems. Valves help to turn the water on and off. A controller or timer is a common instrument included within the irrigation system to fully automate the process. Irrigation kits and irrigation system specialists are the easiest option for properly evaluating, measuring, and installing an efficient irrigation system.